Educational reforms in Nigeria: Issues we must address

Hello there,

If you recall in my final post, I shared my views about our present actuality in the schooling sector in Nigeria. I also spoke about some of the reforms currently being carried out all around the region – at the Federal and State amounts. Last but not least, I reviewed a single of Nigeria’s most daring and groundbreaking Education and learning Reforms to day – Chief Obafemi Awolowo’s absolutely free education system.

The present reality in our education and learning landscape is extremely worrying. For us to commence participating these issues we have to have out some incredibly uncomfortable academic reforms. The problem is – are we ready to apply the kind of reforms that are urgently needed?. Record has proven that these kinds of adjustments will be agonizing, lead to a whole lot of discomforts and elicit resistance from many stakeholders.

“Change is hardest at the beginning, messiest in the middle and ideal at the finish.” – Robin S. Sharma


The record of formal schooling in Nigeria can be traced again to Methodist missionaries who started the initially major college in 1843. A ten years later on, in 1854, some Christian missionaries commenced CMS grammar faculty in Lagos which became the 1st secondary faculty in Nigeria.

In 1914 after the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern element of Nigeria by Lord Lugard, there was a expanding demand from customers for educational facilities. The immediate progress in schooling led to the establishment of the initial Nigerian college in 1948 – The College of Ibadan.

Schooling IN NIGERIA 

The 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria as amended in part 18(1), (2) & (3) assures entry to schooling at several stages. It states that

  1. Authorities shall direct its policy towards making sure that there are equal and suitable instructional possibilities at all degrees.
  2. Govt shall endorse science and technological innovation.
  3. Federal government shall strive to eradicate illiteracy and to this conclusion Authorities shall as and when practicable offer-
  4. free, compulsory and common key training
  5. no cost secondary instruction
  6. free university schooling and
  7. totally free grownup literacy programme.

Area 18(3) emphasizes that no cost instruction is offered ‘as and when practical’ at all degrees. The problem is – with our existing sources, framework and mode of government, is it attainable for Nigeria to deliver totally free most important, secondary and tertiary instruction?. The answer to this problem has elicited distinct responses relying on the side of the divide you discover oneself. However, if we aspire to renovate Nigeria’s education and learning method, there are certain difficult issues we should deal with.


With the qualifications I have provided, right here are some of the rough issues we need to tackle if we want to renovate our instruction procedure

1. General public-Personal Partnership (PPP)

Nigeria has experienced varying degrees of results with this solution. However, the reality is that PPP wants to be much more detailed, intensive and properly-set up in our schooling process. The Charter college framework is a probable answer we may perhaps want to embrace. It is a process in which govt retains possession of the university even though day by day functions are outsourced to  private sector.

Our Unity college, Technological and Vocational Training and Education (TVET) centres, State and Federal owned universities among other people may possibly require to embrace this framework as it would dramatically strengthen the condition of our schooling method. The Nigerian federal government can’t entirely resolve our education and learning difficulties PPP is essential.

2. Tertiary Establishments

There are quite a few faculties of assumed on how to effectively take care of Nigeria’s tertiary schooling process but I want to emphasis on a few (3).

The 1st faculty believes that we should retain the standing quo, that means – the federal and condition governments need to substantially improve budget allocation to our tertiary institutions. We have been making use of this framework for a long time now, we have to request ourselves how powerful it has been?.

The 2nd school of thought posits that tuition subsidies must be eradicated from some authorities-owned tertiary establishments, enabling them to cost correct fees. This signifies that the costs charged at these institutions will be equivalent to people billed by personal tertiary establishments.

The 3rd university of considered thinks that tertiary establishments in the state should really have complete autonomy in phrases of operations and management.

I consider we have to find a center floor in between all of these schools of imagined but one detail is crystal clear – we are unable to continue on alongside this present path. This current framework that effects in incessant strikes, shutting down of educational institutions is not sustainable – we are certainly brief-switching our country.

3. Pupil Financial loans

We at the moment do not work a pupil mortgage plan but numerous nations around the world all-around the globe have been running this kind of packages for a long time. It could be substantial time we explored this alternative. If we are thinking about eliminating tuition subsidies from our tertiary establishments, a pupil mortgage system will have to be implemented. It should be administered transparently and objectively. It must also be operate by the private sector with powerful govt regulations and monitoring.

So, the points over are some of the difficulties we have to interact if we want to reform our schooling method in Nigeria. Engaging these issues would make many education and learning stakeholders not comfortable, confront opposition and pushback, but the recent method does not deal with our wants as a nation.

“No nation can rise previously mentioned the level of its training and if we really do not want to be still left powering, we ought to begin to repair the sector, as the upcoming of the place is at stake”-  Ene Okoro

Till the up coming time we meet in this article, try to remember we all have “A Role to Participate in.”

Financial institution-Olemoh is the senior unique assistant to the president on training interventions

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